Individual Study / SHARE

The Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe

The Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe

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Initiatives -
The Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE) is a multidisciplinary and cross-national panel database of micro data on health, socio-economic status and social and family networks of approximately 123,000 individuals (more than 293,000 interviews) from 20 European countries (+Israel) aged 50 or older. SHARE’s scientific power is based on its panel design that grasps the dynamic character of the ageing process. **General contact: info@share-project.org**
Start Year
2004
Funding
SHARE data collection has been funded by the European Commission through the 5th framework programme (project QLK6-CT-2001-00360 in the thematic programme Quality of Life). Further support by the European Commission through the 6th framework programme (projects SHARE-I3, RII-CT-2006-062193, as an Integrated Infrastructure Initiative, COMPARE, CIT5-CT-2005-028857, as a project in Priority 7, Citizens and Governance in a Knowledge Based Society, and SHARE-LIFE (CIT4-CT-2006-028812)), through the 7th framework programme (SHARE-PREP (No 211909), SHARE-LEAP (No 227822) and M4 (No 261982) and through Horizon 2020 (SHAREDEV3 (No 676536), SERISS (No 654221), SSHOC (No 823782), RItrain (No 654156) and ERIC Forum (No 823798)) is gratefully acknowledged.
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Members

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Investigators Contacts
  • Dr. Prof Axel Börsch-Supan
    Max Planck Institute for Social Law and Social Policy

Design

Study design
Population cohort
Follow Up
Information is collected every 2 years. Most participating countries managed to stick to the schedule.

Marker Paper

Börsch-Supan A, Brandt M, Hunkler C, Kneip T, Korbmacher J, Malter F, Schaan B, Stuck S, Zuber S; SHARE Central Coordination Team. Data Resource Profile: the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE). International Journal of Epidemiology, 2013; 42(4): 992-1001.

PUBMED 23778574

Recruitment

Sources of Recruitment
  • Individuals

Number of participants

Number of participants
30,811
Number of participants with biosamples

Access

Availability of data and biosamples

Data
Biosamples
Other

Availability of access information

On the study website : http://www.share-project.org/

Supplementary Information

Access to the SHARE data is provided free of charge to all scientists globally. For details on how to register as a SHARE user, please visit http://www.share-project.org/data-access-documentation/research-data-center-data-access.html.

Timeline

Population

Participants aged 50 and over from 20 European countries plus Israel. Current partners living in the household were interviewed regardless of their age. The Share population has been refreshed at waves 2, 4, 5 and 6. In wave 2 a refresher sample was drawn in all first wave countries except Austria and the Flemish part of Belgium, while the Czech Republic, Ireland, and Poland participated for the first time. Cohorts born in 1955 and 1956 were oversampled in some countries to keep the sample representative of the population 50 years old and older. The target population for the refreshment samples of wave 4 (Austria, Belgium, Switzerland, Czech Republic, Denmark, Spain, France, Italy, and the Netherlands; plus baseline samples in Estonia, Hungary, Portugal, and Slovenia) consists of all persons born 1960 or earlier having their regular domicile in the respective country, together with their current partners/spouses, independently of age. The target population for the refreshment samples of wave 5 (Belgium, Czech Republic, Germany, Denmark, Israel, Italy, the Netherlands, Sweden, and Slovenia; plus baseline samples in Girona and Luxembourg) consists of all persons born 1962 or earlier, but otherwise remained the same. The target population for the refreshment samples of wave 6 (Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, France, Greece, Israel, Italy, Luxembourg, Poland, and Slovenia; plus a baseline sample in Croatia) consists of all persons born 1964 or earlier, but otherwise remained the same. The countries participating in each wave are as follows: W1: Denmark, Sweden, Austria, France, Germany, Switzerland, Belgium, the Netherlands, Spain, Italy, Greece and Israel. W2: Denmark, Sweden, Austria, France, Germany, Switzerland, Belgium, the Netherlands, Spain, Italy, Greece, Israel, Czech Republic, Poland, and Ireland SHARELIFE: Denmark, Sweden, Austria, France, Germany, Switzerland, Belgium, the Netherlands, Spain, Italy, Greece, Czech Republic and Poland, W4: Denmark, Sweden, Austria, France, Germany, Switzerland, Belgium, the Netherlands, Spain, Italy, Czech Republic, Poland, Estonia, Hungary, Slovenia and Portugal W5: Denmark, Sweden, Austria, France, Germany, Switzerland, Belgium, the Netherlands, Spain (including Girona), Italy, Israel, Czech Republic, Poland, Estonia, Slovenia and Luxembourg W6: Denmark, Sweden, Austria, France, Germany, Switzerland, Belgium, Spain (including Girona), Italy, Israel, Greece, Czech Republic, Poland, Estonia, Slovenia, Portugal, Luxembourg, and Croatia
Selection Criteria
Minimum age
50
Newborns
Twins
Countries
  • Austria
  • Belgium
  • Czech Republic
  • Denmark
  • Estonia
  • France
  • Greece
  • Hungary
  • Ireland
  • Israel
  • Italy
  • Netherlands
  • Poland
  • Sweden
  • Switzerland
  • Germany
  • Luxembourg
  • Croatia
Ethnic Origin
Health Status
Supplementary Information
A person is excluded if she or he is incarcerated, hospitalized or out of the country during the entire survey period, unable to speak the country’s language(s) or has moved to an unknown address.

Recruitment

Sources of recruitment
  • General population
General Population
  • Selected sample

Number of participants

Number of participants
Number of participants with biosamples
Supplementary Information
SHARE is a multinational survey, which involves differences in sampling resources between countries. Most SHARE countries have access to population registers.
Data Collection Events
# Name Description Start End
0 SHARE - Wave 1 The interviewers used computer-assisted personal interviewing (CAPI) to collect most of the data. In addition, self-administered questionnaires were handed out after completion of the CAPI. ... 2004-01 2004-12
1 SHARE - Wave 2 The interviewers used computer-assisted personal interviewing (CAPI) to collect most of the data. In addition, self-administered questionnaires were handed out after completion of the CAPI. ... 2006-01 2006-12
2 SHARE - Wave 3 Retrospective survey to collect information about the respondent’s life histories. A Life History Calendar was used to collect retrospective data about childhood living circumstances, partners, ... 2008-01 2008-12
3 SHARE - Wave 4 Most of the data was collected using the computer-assisted personal interviewing (CAPI) system . In addition, self-administered questionnaires were handed out after completion of the CAPI in some ... 2010-01 2010-12
4 SHARE - Wave 5 Most of the data was collected using the computer-assisted personal interviewing (CAPI) system . In addition, self-administered questionnaires were handed out after completion of the CAPI in some ... 2013-01 2013-12
5 SHARE - Wave 6 Most of the data was collected using the computer-assisted personal interviewing (CAPI) system. In addition, self-administered questionnaires were handed out after completion of the CAPI in some ... 2015-02 2015-12
6 SHARE - Wave 7 2017 2017