Individual Study / Project SMART

Design and Implementation of a Randomized Controlled Social and Mobile Weight Loss Trial for Young Adults (Project SMART)

Design and Implementation of a Randomized Controlled Social and Mobile Weight Loss Trial for Young Adults (Project SMART)

Initiatives -
To describe the theoretical rationale, intervention design, and clinical trial of a two-year weight control intervention for young adults deployed via social and mobile media. Note: All published information has been collected from the article referenced in the Marker Paper box below. Therefore, there may be variations with more advanced versions of the study.
Start Year
2013
Funding
SMART was supported by a grant from the National Institute of Health (NIH) National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, U01 HL096715 (Clinical Trial Registration Number: #NCT01200459).

Design

Study design
Clinical trial cohort

Marker Paper

Patrick K, Marshall SJ, Davila EP, et al. Design and implementation of a randomized controlled social and mobile weight loss trial for young adults (project SMART). Contemp Clin Trials. 2014;37(1):10‐18. doi:10.1016/j.cct.2013.11.001

PUBMED 24215774

Recruitment

Sources of Recruitment
  • Individuals

Number of participants

Number of participants
404
Number of participants with biosamples

Access

Availability of data and biosamples

Data
Biosamples
Other

Timeline

Population

A total of 404 overweight or obese college students from three Southern California universities (Mage = 22(± 4) years; MBMI = 29(± 2.8); 70% female) were randomized to participate in the intervention or to receive an informational web-based weight loss program.
Selection Criteria
Minimum age
18
Maximum age
35
Newborns
Twins
Countries
  • United States of America
Territory
South California
Ethnic Origin
Health Status
Other criteria
Students had to meet the following criteria: Facebook user, owns a personal computer, owns a mobile phone and uses text-messaging, body mass index (BMI) ≥ 25 and ≤ 34.9 kg/m2.,

Recruitment

Sources of recruitment
  • General population

Number of participants

Number of participants
404
Number of participants with biosamples
Data Collection Event
The intervention is based on behavioral theory and integrates intervention elements across multiple touch points, including Facebook, text messaging, smartphone applications, blogs, and e-mail. Participants are encouraged to seek social support among their friends, self-monitor their weight weekly, post their health behaviors on Facebook, and e-mail their weight loss questions/concerns to a health coach.
Start Date
2011-05
End Date
2013-05
Data sources
  • Mobile data collection
    • Smartphone
    • Smartphone apps
  • Social media
    • Facebook