Individual Study / Ram et al.; BMJ Open. 2016

ENABLE London-Olympic Park cohort

ENABLE London-Olympic Park cohort

Initiatives -
The Examining Neighbourhood Activities in Built Living Environments in London (ENABLE London) project is a natural experiment which aims to establish whether physical activity and other health behaviours show sustained changes among individuals and families relocating to East Village (formerly the London 2012 Olympics Athletes' Village), when compared with a control population living outside East Village throughout. Note: All published information has been collected from the article referenced in the Marker Paper box below. Therefore, there may be variations with more advanced versions of the study.
Start Year
This research is being supported by project grants from the Medical Research Council National Prevention Research Initiative (MR/J000345/1) and National Institute for Health Research (12/211/69). BR is supported by a St George’s, University of London, Graduate School PhD studentship. Diabetes and obesity prevention research at St George’s, University of London is supported by the National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) Collaboration for Leadership in Applied Health Research and Care (CLAHRC) South London. AE is funded by the UK Medical Research Council as part of the Neighbourhoods and Communities Programme (MC_UU_12017-10). BG-C is supported by an NHMRC Principal Research Fellowship (#1107672). ARC is supported by National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) Bristol Nutrition Biomedical Research Unit based at University Hospitals Bristol NHS Foundation Trust and the University of Bristol.


Study design
Population cohort
Follow Up
Two-year follow-up of those in social housing is largely complete with 62% participation and where 57% have moved to East Village.Follow-up of those seeking intermediate and market-rent accommodation will continue.

Marker Paper

Ram B, Nightingale CM, Hudda MT, et al. Cohort profile: Examining Neighbourhood Activities in Built Living Environments in London: the ENABLE London-Olympic Park cohort. BMJ Open. 2016;6(10):e012643. Published 2016 Oct 28. doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2016-012643

PUBMED 27793838


Sources of Recruitment
  • Individuals
  • Families

Number of participants

Number of participants
Number of participants with biosamples
Supplementary Information
In total, 1497 participants (1278 adults and 219 children) from 1006 households located in Newham and Greater London have been recruited.


Availability of data and biosamples




1497 individuals from 1006 households were recruited and assessed (at baseline) (including 392 households seeking social housing, 421 seeking intermediate and 193 seeking market rent homes).The 2-year follow-up rate is 62% of households to date, of which 57% have moved to East Village.
Selection Criteria
  • United Kingdom
Ethnic Origin
Health Status
Other criteria
There were three distinct phases of recruitment for the different housing sectors: 392 households from the social sector were initially recruited between January 2013 and May 2014, 421 households seeking intermediate accommodation between July 2013 and November 2014 and 193 seeking market rent accommodation between September 2014 and December 2015; lower numbers recruited within the market rent sector reflected limitations on the extent and duration of access to applicants for accommodation. Recruitment processes for those in social housing were slightly different compared with other housing sectors. The East Thames Group was primarily responsible for recruiting participants in social housing, whereas the ENABLE London team (in association with Triathlon Homes and Get Living London) recruited participants from the other housing sectors.


Sources of recruitment
  • General population
General Population
  • Volunteer enrolment

Number of participants

Number of participants
Number of participants with biosamples
Data Collection Event
Questionnaires were converted into electronic format using SNAP Surveys software (V.11, SNAP Surveys, London, UK), and completed by study participants using dedicated laptops. Objectively measured physical activity was the primary outcome, and was assessed over 7 days using hip-mounted ActiGraph GT3X+accelerometers, combined with assessment of physical activity location using Geographical Positioning System (GPS) travel recorders (Qstarz BT-1000XT). Accelerometers provided daily measures of steps, light and moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA—both overall and in 10 min bouts, in accordance with UK physical activity recommendations).
Start Date
End Date
Data sources
  • Questionnaires
  • Mobile data collection
    • Tablet/laptop
  • Geospatial technology
    • Geographical information systems (GIS)