Individual Study / Ahmad et al.; Acad Emerg Med. 2017

Methods for Collecting Paired Observations From Emergency Medical Services and Emergency Department Providers for Pediatric Cervical Spine Injury Risk Factors

Methods for Collecting Paired Observations From Emergency Medical Services and Emergency Department Providers for Pediatric Cervical Spine Injury Risk Factors

Initiatives -
The purpose of this article is to describe the methods used to develop and implement an electronic data collection system for prospective capture of EMS and ED provider observations for children evaluated in the ED after blunt trauma. Note: All published information has been collected from the article referenced in the Marker Paper box below. Therefore, there may be variations with more advanced versions of the study.
Start Year
2014
Funding
JCL was supported by NICHDR21HD076108.

Design

Study design
Patients' cohort

Marker Paper

Ahmad FA, Schwartz H, Browne LR, et al. Methods for Collecting Paired Observations From Emergency Medical Services and Emergency Department Providers for Pediatric Cervical Spine Injury Risk Factors. Acad Emerg Med. 2017;24(4):432‐441. doi:10.1111/acem.13144

PUBMED 27976464

Recruitment

Sources of Recruitment
  • Individuals

Number of participants

Number of participants
4,091
Number of participants with biosamples

Access

Availability of data and biosamples

Data
Biosamples
Other

Timeline

Population

We enrolled children from March 2014 to November 2015: three sites enrolled for 18 consecutive months and one site enrolled for 12 months.
Selection Criteria
Maximum age
18
Newborns
Twins
Countries
  • United States of America
Ethnic Origin
Health Status
Other criteria
Inclusion criteria were 1) age younger than 18 years at the time of study enrollment and 2) presenting to the ED after known or suspected blunt trauma. In addition, children required one of the following: initiation of spinal precautions for transport by EMS (if involved), trauma team evaluation in the ED, or cervical spine imaging while in the ED. Exclusion criteria included penetrating trauma (e.g., gunshot wounds or stabbing), a substantial language barrier, or state's custody prior to ED arrival.

Recruitment

Sources of recruitment
  • General population

Number of participants

Number of participants
4,091
Number of participants with biosamples
Data Collection Event
We created a branch‐logic questionnaire via Research Electronic Data Capture (REDCap).27 REDCap is a secure, Web‐based application designed to support data capture for research studies, providing 1) an intuitive interface for validated data entry, 2) audit trails for tracking data manipulation and export procedures, 3) automated export procedures for seamless data downloads to common statistical packages, and 4) procedures for importing data from external sources.
Start Date
2014
End Date
2015-11
Data sources
  • Mobile data collection
    • Tablet/laptop